November Lecture: Archaeology of Exo-Terrestrial Planetary Systems - Dr Jay Farihi (University of Cambridge)
All of the events are held in the Welcome Rooms of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the talk begins at 19.30. All attendees are invited to arrive early for a sherry / soft drinks reception from 19.00.
On-street parking is available free after 18.30 on site.
Archaeology of Exo-Terrestrial Planetary Systems - Dr Jay Farihi (University of Cambridge)
Abstract: We now stand firmly in the era of solid exoplanet detection via Kepler and other state of the art facilities. Yet the empirical characterization of these most intriguing planets is extremely challenging. Transit plus radial velocity data can yield planet mass and radius, and hence planet density, but the bulk composition remains degenerate and model−dependent.
The abundances of a handful of exoplanet atmospheres can be estimated from transit spectroscopy, but probing only the tenuous outer layers of those planets.
Fortunately, as demonstrated by Spitzer and complementary ground−based observations, debris disk−polluted white dwarfs can yield highly accurate information on the mass and chemical structure of rocky minor planets (i.e. exo−asteroids), the building blocks of solid exoplanets. The white dwarf distills the planetary fragments, and provides powerful insight into elemental composition of the parent body. This archaeological method provides empirical data on the assembly and chemistry of exo-terrestrial planets that is unavailable for any planetary system orbiting a main−sequence star. In the Solar System, the asteroids (or minor planets) are leftover building blocks of the terrestrial planets, and we obtain their compositions -- and hence that of the terrestrial planets -- by studying meteorites. Similarly, one can infer the composition of exo-terrestrial planets by studying tidally destroyed and accreted asteroids at polluted white dwarfs.
I will present ongoing, state of the art results using this unconventional technique. Some highlights will include the recent detection of terrestrial-like debris in the Hyades star cluster, as well as the detection of water-rich planetesimals that may represent the building blocks of habitable exoplanets.