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Seminar on Kappa Distributions: Theory and Applications in Space Plasmas

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15:00 – 16:00 29 Jun 2018
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Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Library, Holmbury Hill Rd, Dorking - Surrey - RH5 6NT

Upcoming Talks

29 June 2018 - 15:00 - MSSL Library

Speaker: George Livadiotis from Southwest Research Institute

Title: Kappa Distributions: Theory and Applications in Space Plasmas

Abstract: Classical collisional particle systems residing in thermal equilibrium have their particle velocity/energy distribution function stabilized into a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. On the contrary, space and astrophysical plasmas are exotic collisionless particle systems residing in stationary states characterized by the so-called kappa distribution function. Kappa distributions have become increasingly widespread across the physics of astrophysical plasma processes, describing particles in the heliosphere, from the solar wind and planetary magnetospheres to the heliosheath and beyond, the interstellar and intergalactic plasmas. A breakthrough in the field came with the connection of kappa distributions with statistical mechanics and thermodynamics: kappa distributions maximize the entropy of nonextensive statistical mechanics under the constraints of canonical ensemble, while particle systems exchanging heat with each other are eventually stabilized into a kappa distribution. The seminar will review the physical foundations and recent developments of kappa distributions in space and astrophysical plasmas.

Organised by: UCL/ Mullard Space Science Laboratory

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Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Library, Holmbury Hill Rd, Dorking - Surrey - RH5 6NT
Clock icon
15:00 – 16:00 29 Jun 2018

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